“Until, when they came upon the valley of the ants, a female ant said, “O ants, enter your homes so that you do not be crushed by Solomon and his soldiers while they do not feel it.”
This Quranic verse is part of a small narrative involving King Solomon and his soldiers marching. They came upon a colony of ants, as the verse states, and almost crushed it. The interesting thing about this verse is that it specifies the gender of the ant in question, that was working in the colony and almost got crushed. It is well known today that male and female ants have different roles in the ant society. All male ants have wings, and all female ants (save for the Queen ant) do not have wings and work on the ground. Had the ant society Solomon’s soldiers almost crushed been male, they would’ve been able to fly away. However, as the verse states, they were close to getting crushed. One must conclude this particular group of ants was female. This verse was revealed to prophet Muhammad SAW 1400 years ago, long before science confirmed that female ants do not have wings (in the early 20th century).
And yes, ants do have homes. They are indeed very remarkable creatures. Older than the dinosaurs, and found everywhere on earth except for Antartica, ants have a very structured social order, with roles, duties, and dwellings. They are the only other animal on earth that practices agriculture, even domesticating and milking aphids. Ants are the smartest insect in the world and can live up to 30 years!
No wonder they’re the namesake of the 27th chapter of the Quran.